Best Guitar​ Tutors Near You

Do you want to learn how to play guitar? If your answer is yes, you have come to the right place. We have the best guitar tutors near you ready to get you started learning chords and tunes in a fun and easy way.

Our private guitar tutors work with students of all ages adapting their teaching style to your objectives and interests. Your tutor will be able to give you a comprehensive learning experience that includes the basic chords and chord progression, the history of the guitar, its body parts, and many playing techniques. You will also get valuable tips and advice that can make your learning faster and help you see the results you are hoping for.

Whether you’re a complete beginner, an intermediate player, or even an advanced student, you can find a guitar tutor that can meet your requests. Check out our tutors’ profiles to see what their specialties are, their backgrounds, as well as feedback from previous students. All this will help you choose the best guitar tutor near you and finding the right fit is the first step on the path to achieving your goals.

What type of music do you want to play on the guitar? You can choose from the many styles including acoustic guitar, electric guitar, bass guitar, classical guitar, blues, jazz, rock, and country. Whatever direction you want to take you can get started with the support and encouragement of our guitar tutoring experts. What are you waiting for?

Best Guitar Tutors Near You:

Learning how to play guitar

Whether you’re young or not, playing the guitar bestows you with a great feeling of pride and self-confidence, and it’s as well an outlet to your creativity. Sadly, it’s common for beginners to give up after the initial months when self-learning starts to get hard and the results are not as they had expected. This is the problem of following videos and tutorials that have not been designed especially for you. Students find it hard to deal with regular practice, which is fundamental to achieve success while learning how to play the guitar. Your tutor will empower you to master your struggles and transform them into strengths.

Music can be very rewarding, especially at a personal level. As a musician, you spend a lot of time with your instrument to the point of developing a deep relationship with it. Your guitar will transform into your best friend. Melodies and lyrics become a way of bearing your soul to the world. But, you can only do this if you are confident and work hard to gain the skill that is needed to play the guitar well. It’s easy, just find a guitar tutor among our highly trained teachers.

Why is it a good idea to hire a Guitar tutor?

Getting a private guitar tutor will help you achieve your goals much faster than if you were browsing for online guitar tutorials. Teaching yourself tends to get old after a while since no one is there to answer your questions or give you feedback. With a guitar tutor, you will be constantly motivated and moving forward, facing fun and interesting challenges adapted to your level and skills.

If you want tailored lessons that are especially focused on the techniques and styles you want to learn, you need a guitar tutor! You’ll also benefit from personalized feedback and your teacher will adapt the content and teaching method to you, either you’re an adult or a kid, a beginner, or well-acquainted with playing the guitar.

Guitar tutors can have a significant role when it comes to kids. Playing an instrument may help them unlock their creative side and discover a passion. And, here is where a guitar tutor has a fundamental role, motivating them and teaching them while exploiting their curiosity.

Last but not least, private tutoring is fun! One-to-one lessons are carried out in an entertaining, dynamic, and engaging way that will leave you longing for more. Browse among our guitar tutors, and give it a go today!

Benefits of getting a Guitar tutor

Having a private guitar tutor means that you can learn whenever it’s convenient for you, adapting your lessons to your busy timetable, university classes, or family commitments. Your tutor will keep you committed and will guide you step by step, offering feedback and support to improve and continue your learning in a fun and compelling way.

The main benefit of having a one-to-one guitar tutor is that you receive personalized instruction. This is customized to your level, what you want to learn, and how you better get the hang of what you are being taught. What is more, having a guitar tutor means that you can ask all sorts of questions and get relevant answers that will help you learn faster. A private lesson is the best environment to practice complex techniques and experiment with the creative side of you.

Another benefit of guitar tutoring is that it helps to create an exercising routine that will definitely pay off. Every lesson, your tutor will set up a series of challenges for you to improve and move forward towards more complex and exciting techniques. There has never been a better time to start learning the guitar.

Jeff is an amazing guitar tutor

Guitar Lessons


Jeff is a great musician and a very clear tutor. He helped me get started and I went from being a beginner to finally playing the songs I’ve always wanted to play! He explained the basics in a very simple way that helped me overcome my frustrations with the guitar. His advice was always on point and he set up challenges that helped me see my improvement from week to week. He is one of the best guitar tutors and I hope I’ll continue to improve.


Anne is patient and great tutor

Guitar Lessons


Anne is super patient and very sweet. When I was looking for lessons I wanted the best guitar tutor, but I was afraid because I get very demotivated when I make mistakes and learning guitar you are meant to make many! But she was always positive and helped me get over every challenge. Her method was comprehensive and covered many things that I had not even thought of. I feel now confident enough to play for my family and friends! Thank you, Anne!


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Best Photoshop Tutors Near Me

Adobe Photoshop is the best graphic design software in the market. If you are a digital artist, a creative professional, or a photographer, you cannot do without this software. But Photoshop is a powerful tool and with many features and uncountable options, it can be challenging for some. Don’t worry! We have the best Photoshop tutors to help you!

In a time when a picture is worth more than a thousand words, Photoshop allows you to tell your stories with breathtaking images. It’s no secret that a photo has the power to add value to your brand, strengthen your social media presence, and help you consolidate your product. How? Well, Photoshop is a photo manipulation software that lets you edit your images, from touching up photos for a stunning effect to creating high-quality graphics that are engaging and visually attractive. Whatever your needs are regarding image editing, your private Photoshop tutor will be able to guide you step by step.

Best photoshop Tutors Near You:

What can a private Photoshop tutor teach you?

Adobe Photoshop has been the leader in the image-editing world for 25 years. Its ability to manipulate photos has made it an indispensable tool for graphic designers, web creators, and photographers. With the explosion of visual art and media, Photoshop has become a valuable tool in the bag of tricks of all kinds of professionals. If you work with images or videos, you probably found yourself needing to use this software. And, since it has become more and more complex in the last years, learning how to use Adobe Photoshop with a trained professional is an investment that is worth considering.

Among many other things, your Photoshop tutor can teach you how to:

  • Enhance colors and add contrast to make astonishing photos.
  • Adjust sharpness and blurriness to create surrealistic effects.
  • Retouch an image to turn it into a magazine-quality photo.
  • Restore and refresh old photographs.
  • Crop and resize images.

When I was starting my photography business, I tried learning how to use the Photoshop software by wandering aimlessly on the internet. I ended up more confused and insecure! After some time, I told myself “I need a Photoshop tutor” and with the support of an expert, I became more confident in my skills and was able to establish my business. Do not wait any longer, it’s time to find the best Photoshop tutor for you!

Adobe Photshop Tutors

Benefits of hiring the best Photoshop tutors

Adobe Photoshop is intricate graphic design software that offers highly specialized features and endless editing possibilities. You may be able to navigate some of the options by yourself or follow a Photoshop tutorial online, but this will surely not be enough if you are planning to use Photoshop at its maximum potential. Find the best Photoshop tutor and unlock the power of this software while expanding your academic and professional prospects, and your personal abilities. Achieving your goals has never been easier!

Having on-to-one Photoshop tutoring also means that you will be able to work at your own pace, implementing what you have learned with hands-on practice, and getting instructive feedback while doing so. Even if using some of the features of this software may seem initially difficult and challenging, your tutor will make sure you understand the steps and tasks, supervising your work and offering tips and advice.

Finally, having an expert tutor near you means that you can have the help you need whenever you need it and from the comfort of your own house. There is no time to lose! Find your Photoshop tutor and start walking the path to success today.

Adobe Photoshop Tutoring

Why do you need a Photoshop tutor?

There are many reasons to learn how to use Photoshop. Maybe you want to freshen up your CV, you are contemplating a change in your professional direction or a promotion, or you may just be looking to express yourself creatively. If you want to design work for online purposes or even print designs, Photoshop tutoring is the key to accomplishing your goals.

Luckily, we have the best Photoshop tutors to explain the ins and outs of the software, walk you through the latest Adobe Photoshop 2020 updates, and answer all your questions.

So, if you are asking yourself “how do I find a Photoshop tutor near me?The answer is right here! Our tutors, who are trained professionals, will show you how your weaknesses can be transformed into strengths, building up your expertise and confidence. You will boost your skill set while unveiling a new passion.

Check out our private Photoshop tutors. They will allow you to learn faster and more efficiently, concentrating on the features and tools that interest you or that are relevant to the career you are pursuing. Personalized instruction is engaging and captivating and thus, it’s easier to achieve better results.

If your goal is to become an independent and confident image-editing expert, you should take the first step now and look for a tutor near you. Once you find a Photoshop tutor that you like, contact them, it’s time to get down to business and start making amazing photographs and engaging images like a pro.

Easy-going Photshop Tutor

Mia G

Sophie is an easy-going tutor, who understood what I needed to do from the very beginning. She explained the main features of the program in detail and with simple instructions. She is familiar with the latest additions to the Photoshop software and I was able to do more than I had expected. I’m very satisfied with my tutoring so far!


Fantastic Adobe Photshop Private Tutor

George F

Matt is a fantastic tutor! He has helped me become independent while editing images for my website, which had a very positive effect in my visual presence online. I appreciate receiving personalized feedback instead of general principles. Matt expects a lot of his students but he offers the motivation I was looking for in a private tutor. I am confident in my skills and even though we still have a lot to do, I believe we can achieve it with just some time.


Photoshop Tutoring in my City:

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Private Math Tutor

Do you want to find a math tutor near you?  How are you doing in your math course this year ?  Would a math tutor or private tutor at home help you get ready and cover certain areas?  If so, you are not alone.  Whether you need help for topics you have not covered in detail yet or old ones that you want to refresh,  there’s a local tutor in your area that can help.

Best math Tutors Near You:

Of course you are “looking for a tutor near me”!  We hear that all the time, that’s why our math tutors are located in your area or online to make it convenient to you to have access when and where you want.

Here’s just a sampling of the private math tutors that are available in your area:

However, you don’t want to look for just any math tutor, you want to find a tutor that specializes in the area of math or grade level and the math section that you need help with.  That requires some different skills and abilities not the least of which is having had a great results in advanced math courses themselves.  In fact, that is one of the questions you want to ask any tutor before selecting them.

Also look for math tutors, such as these, that have experience and can identify where you are struggling and has solutions.  It’s as much about interpreting the questions as it is solving the problems.  You can even give them a question or two that you don’t know and see how they present the information to you.  If it helps you “get it”, then you have probably found a great fit for a private math tutor at home or online!

We all want what’s best for kids or for ourselves if we are prepping for math tests and exam.  You can start by typing in “math” or the course you are taking in the search box at the top of the page here, add your zip code and in a moment you will have a list of private tutors that can help starting today!

All you do is contact the tutors that you have reviewed and find out their availability, rates and experience in the areas and courses that you need assistance.  Within minutes you will find several tutors that are available and able to help you reach the goals and objectives that you have.  You can find a math tutor at home or a math tutor online.  And before you know it, your math courses will be back on track and so will you.

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Only pay for the time you need.

No subscriptions or upfront payments.

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Tutor and Parent Safety

Private Tutor Safety and Parent Safety is very important to us. I’m a parent too and the papa bear in me comes out in situations where my wife or children are involved. So, I totally understand. This article provides some safety tips for you as you search and select a tutor you’d like to interview and hire.

Order a Tutor Background Check

As a tutor marketplace, all tutors on this site are independent contractors – they’re not employed by me. So, it’s your responsibility to request a background check from the tutor you want to interview or hire. Let me repeat – YOU are responsible for the safety of your child, not So, request a tutor background check.

Read Student Feedback

Many tutors on the site have written feedback from their students. Read them and consider them in the hiring and selection of the private tutor. Again, do your due diligence. Read those reviews and consider whether there’s a good fit between that tutor and you and your child.

Meet the Tutor at McDonald’s

I’m just teasing.

No, really, make your first meeting with the tutor at a public location. No, not a parking lot in a dark corner of the city during a snowy day. I’m thinking more like a busy train station or, at the very least, the public library.

You get the point – public location for your first meeting, not your home.

Maintain Your Privacy

Because you have not yet hired the tutor but are still in the evaluation stage, be sure to keep your contact information private. Don’t share your phone number, email, address, or anything like that. You can check the tutor’s LinkedIn page or their Facebook profile if you want – that might give you a clue as to who they are. Again, you need to maintain your safety and privacy. You alone are responsible for your safety. Remember that.

Private Tutor Safety and Parent Safety

Remember – keep yourself and your child safe. It’s your responsibility.

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Science Tutor

Struggling with Science this year and looking for a tutor near you? Our Science tutors can help students in all grades and skill levels. No matter if it is middle school, or you need a high school Science tutor or all the way up to college level, we have private Science tutors available now.

Best science Tutors Near You:

How a Science Tutor Can Help:

Science – the major struggle for many students in school! For some, it’s an easy and enjoyable topic. For others, it’s overwhelming and time consuming. However, for most years in school it’s going to be required so finding the right science tutor that can helping whether you are in elementary, middle school, high school or college can make it a lot easier and more enjoyable!

Our best science tutors can help with the following courses and more:

  • Elementary Science
    • introduction to many science topics and hands-on activities.
  • Middle School Science
    • Life science, Earth Science, Physical Science. These topics are covered through lectures, reading and hands-on activities. Projects and labs start taking place as well.
  • High School
    • Some of the courses include: Biology, Chemistry, Marine Science, Astronomy, Physics. In addition, AP Biology, AP Chemistry and AP Physics are popular courses for advanced science students and students looking to enter medical, science or engineering fields in college. Additional options make exist depending upon you school
  • College-level science
    • courses are advanced versions of the above and more in depth, specific courses related to courses of study and majors.

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Only pay for the time you need.

No subscriptions or upfront payments.

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Tutor Background Check

Tutor Safety and Parent Safety is absolutely a top priority for a parent when searching and selecting a private tutor for their child. Not all tutors on PrivateTutoringAtHome have a background check, so it’s the parent’s responsibility to request one from the tutor they would like to interview.

Getting a tutor background check is really easy these days and also affordable. Here’s how it works.

Private Tutor Background Check Steps:

As requested by the tutor, student, or the parent, the background check company (such as LexisNexis and others) will run a background check on the following:

  • Tutor Social Security Number Verification
  • Tutor Felony convictions the past 7 years
  • Tutor sex crime convictions the past 7 years
  • Tutor Misdemeanor convictions the past 3 years for crimes of violence or crimes that constitute possible harm to children.

Since we do not provide a background check on tutors on this site, you will need to request one from them. Obviously, it will be to their employment advantage to have one available. So, thinking of safety first, feel free to ask openly. We’re here to serve you and want to make you feel comfortable

Tutor Background Check Benefits

Let’s talk about the benefits. For a low price of around $50.00, you can put thousands of parents and potential hiring families at ease. By providing a tutor background check, it gives them peace and comfort. That way, they will evaluate the items where you can truly shine. This includes your teaching experience, your knowledge of the subjects they care about, and also your interest, caring, and also your kindness.

So, low cost, high benefit. Get a tutor background check. By providing a tutor background check, you are 98% more likely to land a tutoring job than a private tutor without a tutor background check.

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Only pay for the time you need.

No subscriptions or upfront payments.

Find Tutors Near You

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US Constitution Test Study Guide

Oops, cramming for that Constitution exam tomorrow? This US Constitution test study guide will cover the main areas you need to know to approach it with confidence. Key terms and subjects that you’ll need to remember are in bold and be sure follow points of interest to develop your answers. Need more help?

What Came Before

The United States Constitution was not the first document to dictate the political and judicial makeup of the country. The Articles of Confederation (1771-1789) provided a generally weak framework for a central government since it wanted to emphasize the independence and free-will of the 13 states. Its powers were limited to international diplomacy, national territory, and declaring war (no plans for taxation are a key problem here).

Its President (the President of the Congress) was largely ceremonial as a debate moderator for the 13 states. Failure of the states to work together meant that a better system with a strong central government needed to be put in place. However, it would be enough to win the revolutionary war and establish the Declaration of Independence (1776). This saw the 13 states as independent from Britain and that they would unite to form a nation-state. The Constitution would then need to perform a balancing act between centralizing power (not allowing states/the electorate to do as they please) and avoiding tyranny (not becoming like Britain).

Points of interest:

  • How did the War of Independence shape the political foundations of the United States?
  • What previous document/s dictated the government of the United States? What were their limitations?

Writing the document

The United States Constitution (1787) was drafted during the Constitutional Convention in Philadelphia and defined the American government as a constitutional republic. It gives power to its citizens in the preamble by beginning with “We the People” rather than owing itself to the inherited position of a throne (Britain’s constitutional monarchy).

Those who helped draft the Constitution alongside the signers of the Declaration of Independence were the Framers of the Constitution. As expected, most of these 55 men were wealthy land-owners with a significant portion owning slaves (a smaller number were entirely dependent on slave-labor). While it only required 9 of the 13 states to be enacted, it was ensured that amendments to the constitution could be made in future. Rhode Island was the final state to ratify the constitution.

Like the Articles of Confederation, many disagreements were made over its contents which meant that compromise needed to be made. The Virginia Compromise called for representation of each state to be determined by population whereas the New Jersey Compromise wanted equal representation for each state. The joining of the two, the Connecticut Compromise, made Congress bicameral.

Points of interest:

  • Who wrote the Constitution? Where and when was this conducted?
  • What are amendments and how many have been made?
  • What is the term for how power is shared between federal, state and local government?


How the Constitution designs our Political System

The Constitution divided the government into three branches who would provide checks and balances on their powers. These were the Legislative (congress), Executive (the president) and Judicial (the supreme court).


The Legislative Branch is set out first and given the most attention. It’s job is to make laws in congress which is separated into two chambers: the House of Representatives and the Senate. It is a requirement of the constitution that Congress assembles at least once a year. As of 2019, the House of Reps (lower chamber) consists of 435 seats that are divided amongst the 50 states on the basis of their population size.

At the time, Native Americans were not counted in the census and “all other persons” (slaves) were counted as 3/5 of a person, although this was stopped by Amendment 14.

Elections for representatives are held every 2 years with candidates needing to be residents of their state, 25 or older and having been a citizen for at least 7 years. The Speaker of the House is elected by majority, meaning it will be the leader of the controlling party.

The Senate (upper chamber) is comprised of 2 seats for each state, making 100 members total as of 2019.  Senators serve 6 year terms with the requirement that they are at least 30, have been citizens for at least 9 years, and are residents of their state. The Senate is led by its Presiding Officer who is usually the Vice President.

Congressional members are elected by direct popular vote from their constituents (congressional districts elect the House of Reps whereas Statewide elections appoint senators). This system of legislature is a representative democracy where citizens elect members to make laws on their behalf (this is opposed to direct democracy where citizens would vote on matters individually). This is an example of the constitution centralizing power while avoiding tyranny of monarchy.

Section 8 approves Congress to conduct taxation which avoids the problem of weak governance set out in the Articles of Confederation.

Bills can originate from both houses but must also be approved by the majority in both.

The President must also approve, but this can be avoided in different circumstances. If the President rejects a bill it can return to the chamber it was proposed by and become law if 2/3 of its seats approve. Similarly, if the President sits on a bill for 10 days without rejection it will become law. Congress has the power to impeach the President. It is initiated in the House of Reps and subsequently tried in the Senate. Congress also has the ability to declare war.

Test your knowledge:

  1. Which chamber has two representatives from each state?
    1. Senate
    2. House of Reps
  2. What is the difference between representative and direct democracy?
  3. An election is being held for the Senate in Ohio. Who determines the vote?
    1. The House of Reps
    2. Residents of Ohio
    3. The Electoral College
    4. No one, senators are appointed by local judges


The Constitution then defines the Executive branch made up the President, the Electoral College, and the Cabinet. The Electoral College is responsible for electing the President. The amount of Electoral College members in each state is equivalent to the sum of their congressional seats:

Senate seats + House of Representative Seats = number of electoral voters per state

When citizens vote ‘for the President’ they are effectively voting for a potential elector who will in turn vote for their Presidential choice. No part of the constitution requires electors to vote in accordance with the popular vote. The candidate must win the majority of electoral votes (270 out of 358) to assume the Presidency.

The President is titled the ‘Commander in Chief’ by the Constitution, assuming the highest position in all branches of the United States Armed Forces and the executive. A President is tasked with directing foreign treaties and nominating judges to the Supreme Court. Presidents enforce bills passed by the legislative branch.

Presidential candidates must be at least 35, a natural-born citizen, and a resident for at least 14 years of their life.

Presidents serve 4 year terms and could initially serve as many terms as possible, although 22nd Amendment (1951) placed a 2-term limit on the position. FDR is the only President to have served 4 terms.

If a President is incapable of holding office then the Presidential line of succession determines who takes their place. The Vice President would be first followed by the Speaker of the House and so on. The President is able to pardon anyone who commits crimes against the United States. The President can also veto any bill put forward by Congress.

Test your knowledge:

  1. True or false: the President is elected via popular vote.
  2. What decides the number of Electoral College Voters?
  3. The exact number is ratified in the Constitution
  4. Proportional to population-size of each state with a maximum of 538
  5. Sum of Congressional Seats
  6. What are the three requirements for Presidential and Vice-Presidential candidates?

Points of interest:

  1. What could have motivated the constitutional framers to enact an Electoral College?



The 3rd article establishes the Supreme Court comprising of 9 judges who serve life appointments, although they can be removed via impeachment. Congress has the ability to set up inferior courts. These courts can rule on all cases that full under the Constitution. The Supreme Court is charged with interpreting the law and deciding what is constitutional and unconstitutional. The Constitution outlines treason as its only crime. The Supreme Court is able to declare any law or act committed by the Executive or Legislature as unconstitutional.

Test your knowledge:

  1. How many Judges are on the supreme court?
  2. 7
  3. 9
  4. 13
  1. How are Supreme Court judges selected?
  2. Nominated by the President and confirmed by both chambers of Congress
  3. Nominated by the President and confirmed by the House of Reps.
  4. Nominated by the President and confirmed by the Senate
  5. Directly appointed by the President
  1. What branch of government can have their actions deemed unconstitutional by the Judiciary?
  2. Legislative
  3. Executive
  4. Both

Federalism and Amendments

The Constitution has been very effective in centralizing the power of government compared to previous attempts. Some feared that this threatened the rights of states and individuals, namely James Madison who had written the first 10 amendments to the Constitution entitled the Bill of Rights.

Notable was the freedom of speech and separation of church and state (1st), the right to bear arms (2nd), the need for warrants (4th) and the right to not plead against yourself in court (5th). The 10th amendment ensures Federalism, in that power is shared between national and state governments. This meant that any power that isn’t described as Congressional belongs to the states of the people. However, the Elastic Clause allows for Congress to act outside the explicit language of the Constitution if it can rationalise that it fits within its delegated powers.

Amendments can be proposed by 2/3 of both chambers of Congress or state legislatures. They are ratified by ¾ of state legislatures or state ratifying conventions. The president has no official role in these proceedings. As of 2019, 33 amendments have been made to the Constitution.

Points of interest

  • The 33 amendments vary in scope and effect. What are the most important amendments in your view? What are the least important?
  • What is problematic about the Elastic Clause? Would it be supported or objected by federalists?

You Might Also Be Interested In: Learn How to Study for a Test or Course the Easy Way

United States Constitution Test Study Guide

 These are some of the topics that you want to dive into deeply and make sure that you can cover at least the basics of each whether it’s for the US History exam, government and politics test or an AP Exam. Often you’ll see questions coming right from these topics, so take the time to check them out and know the answers!

  • Functions of the Judicial, Legislative, and Executive Branches
  • Definition of Pardon
  • Head of the Executive Branch
  • # of Justices, including the Chief Justice, make up the Supreme Court
  • Term of a Supreme Court Justice
  • Term of a member in the House of Representatives and Senate
  • Qualifications for a member of the House of Representatives
  • Who holds the concurrent powers?
  • What Amendment states no state can deny people their basic rights?
  • 1st Ten Amendments is called what?
  • What year did the Constitution become effective?
  • Who presides over the Senate?
  • What amendment guarantees the right to bear arms?
  • What amendment provides rights for the accused in terms of punishment?
  • What amendment contains a due process clause?
  • What amendment ended slavery?
  • What 2 things did the Declaration of Independence do?
  • Who had the final say in all matters under the Articles of Confederation?
  • What was the form of government in which power is handed down from one generation to the next?
  • What were the most striking characteristics of the framers of the Constitution?
  • What city did the constitutional convention take place in?
  • Know the difference between direct and representative democracy.
  • How many Presidents have served a complete four terms in office?
  • What amendment addresses the term limits of the President?
  • What group elects the President?
  • Know the differences between the Virginia, New Jersey, and Connecticut Compromises.
  • What is impeachment an example of?  Who holds the power of impeachment?  Who is the jury?
  • How many colonies were at the First Continental Congress?
  • What is the minimum number of electoral votes to be elected President?
  • How many members are there in the House of Representatives and Senate?
  • What type of government does the Constitution create?
  • Know what the elastic clause does for the constitution.
  • In order to add an amendment to the constitution – it has to pass by what margin and does it need a presidential signature?
  • What does the Constitution state that no person may be deprived of?
  • A trial by jury cannot be denied if the value of the lawsuit exceeds what $ amount.
  • What is the minimum infraction necessary for the impeachment of a judge?
  • How many times per year is Congress required to be assembled by the Constitution?
  • Know what a warrant does for law officials.
  • Does the Constitution state anything regarding Church and State?
  • Know the Presidential succession.
  • Know the President’s job descriptions – chief citizen, chief diplomat, commander-in-chief, chief legislator, and chief of state.
  • Be able to identify procedures of the US Government as expressed, implied, inherent. (4.1 worksheet)
  • Be able to identify what 10 key Presidents were known for.  (list of Presidents on Review Day)
  • How many amendments are in the Constitution.
  • What is a filibuster?
  • Who has the power to declare war?
  • When are congressional elections held?
  • Does the 5th Amendment guarantee that you can’t be tried twice for the same crime?
  • What 2 groups make up Congress?
  • What court case established Judicial Review?
  • Which state was the last state to ratify the Constitution?
  • Where does all of the power of government agencies come from?

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Only pay for the time you need.

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How to Study for Biochemistry

Biochemistry is a complex subject that is studied by thousands of students across the globe. You might be taking it in college because you’re interested in it or need it to get into medical school. There’s also the chance you’re reviewing it for your Step 1 USMLE exam on your path to becoming a physician.

Regardless of when or why you’re doing it, biochemistry can be a tough subject to learn. A lot of it wasn’t encountered in school or other subjects.

What Does Biochemistry Mean?

The term “bio” means life. Biochemistry is the study of chemistry and physico-chemical processes that occur in living organisms. The study of biochemistry is related to metabolism, nutrients, and how chemistry affects the lives of all living organisms on a molecular level.

It’s a very interesting topic to study because you get to find out things like how energy is made or where we get it from. There are many similarities between the biochemical reactions in humans (or animals in general) and unicellular organisms like bacteria, but there are glaring differences as well.

Understanding these similarities and differences has helped humanity and science grow. For example, antibiotics that target certain biochemical reactions are used to treat infections.

How Hard is Biochemistry?

The difficulty of biochemistry lies in the fact that it’s completely new to many students. Terms like anaerobic glycolysis, Kreb’s cycle, and oxidative phosphorylation are encountered for the first time when a person studies biochemistry.

These topics may have been brushed briefly in school, but taking biochemistry as a course is a lot more complex. New terms like the Km and Vmax of enzymes can make things even more frustrating.

To conquer biochemistry, you need to take a deep breath and realize that you’ll have to give it time and effort. Trying to find out how to cram biochemistry is only a good idea if you’ve been over the material before. Cramming the subject for the first time in a few hours or a couple of days isn’t the best idea.

What Do All These Terms Mean?

  • What is PIP? PIP is short for phosphatidylinositol phosphate. It’s a lipid (fat) present in the cell membranes of different cells. PIP and its different forms play a role in cell signaling. They can activate other substances thereby initiating a cascade leading to changes in a cell’s functions.
  • What is pI in biochemistry? pI is the value of pH where a molecule has no electrical charge. It is also known as the isoelectric point.
  • What is Ki? Ki, also known as the inhibitor constant, indicates how potent an inhibitor of an enzyme is.
  • What does Km mean? Km is the concentration of substrate required for an enzyme to work at half of its maximum velocity.
  • What is Vmax? Vmax is the maximum velocity or speed at which an enzyme can work. Once an enzyme reaches Vmax, adding more substrate won’t have an impact on the reaction rate.
  • What is a motif in biochemistry? A motif is a structured made from amino acids with biological significance.
  • How are biochemistry and metabolism related? Metabolism is based on biochemical processes. The creation and breakdown of ATP and energy all rely on biochemical reactions. Some of these reactions also release heat.

How to Study for Biochemistry

Many students complain about not being able to study for their biochemistry exams. If you’re interested in learning how to succeed in biochemistry class, you need to learn to see things differently

  • Focus on the bigger picture. Understand the purpose of anaerobic glycolysis for example before getting stuck on the details. Knowing the reason a process happens will make the details seem more logical. This is one of the best ways on how to memorize biochemistry pathways.
  • Understand the terms and nomenclature. You won’t get very far in the curriculum if you have to keep going back to see what each term means. Familiarizing yourself with the nomenclature can help you in acing biochemistry.
  • Cramming biochemistry isn’t the way to go. Be prepared to put in the time.
  • Don’t be afraid to ask for biochemistry help. Hiring a tutor or joining an online course can simplify things and make learning easier.
  • Relate biochemical reactions and ideas to practical uses in science and medicine.

The above tips will be useful for everyone, but if you’re trying to find out how to study for biochemistry in medical school, you might want to do things a bit differently.

In medical school, you won’t have time to go into the intricate details of the subject. Focus on what’s relevant to medicine. If you don’t know how to identify valuable information, lots of tutors and courses can help.

The topics you’ll be tested on in medical school will almost always relate to your career. Things like how antibiotics affect biochemical reactions and diseases that occur when an enzyme is missing are vital.

What Can I Do with a Degree in Biochemistry?

A biochemistry degree is valuable and opens the door to many jobs. Most are related to research and teaching. You can also decide to pursue a career in medicine later and join medical school.

Having a degree in biochemistry can make one of the toughest subjects in med school seem like nothing to you. While others struggle, you can quickly review it and pay more attention to other important basic sciences like physiology and pharmacology.

Research jobs you can get with a degree in biochemistry:

  • Biomedical assistant
  • Clinical research associate
  • Analytical chemist
  • Healthcare scientist
  • Scientific lab technician

You can also pursue a career in teaching and academics. Teaching science in elementary or middle school would be within your capabilities. Additionally, you might decide on advancing your studies and becoming a college professor.

Biochemistry increases our understanding of how things happen. It tells us why we can’t sprint for long periods of time or how our body copes with fasting. It also allows those with biochemistry degrees to work in several fields.

While it might seem difficult at first, with persistence and time, and maybe even the help of a tutor, biochemistry can become one of your favorite subjects.

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How to Prepare for TOEFL

The TOEFL test is one that tests and evaluates a person’s English. It’s accepted by over 9,000 institutions across the world including almost all the top universities in the United States. The exam is particularly important for those who are applying to English speaking universities from foreign countries.

How is a university, company, or program supposed to judge your fluency and ability to read and write English? The TOEFL is arguably the best method available.

The United States isn’t the only country that relies on the TOEFL to assess the English of students and applicants. Here are some other countries that do so:

  • Canada
  • United Kingdom
  • Germany
  • France
  • New Zealand
  • Numerous more countries in Europe and Asia

TOEFL scoring is fair and completely unbiased. All tests are scored via a centralized scoring network. As for the speaking section, it’s scored by people. The identity of the examinee is hidden to avoid any potential bias.

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What Does TOEFL Stand for?

TOEFL stands for Test of English as a Foreign Language. It’s mostly taken by those coming from countries that don’t speak English as a first language, but wish to apply to English speaking universities and institutions.

The most widely used version of the test is TOEFL IBT. IBT stands for Internet Based Test. The entire exam from A to Z is on a computer with no paper based sections. Paper based TOEFL tests are still in use, but only in countries and regions where Internet testing isn’t possible.

How Long is the TOELF Test?

The length of the TOEFL test has varied over the years. As of August 2019 it became 3 hours long. If you heard from a friend or colleague that it’s 4 hours, they’re not lying to you. It used to be 4 hours, but was shortened in August.

Here’s a list of the sections and their lengths:

  • Reading: 54 to 72 minutes
  • Listening: 41 to 57 minutes
  • Speaking: 17 minutes
  • Writing: 50 minutes
  • One 10-minute break after the reading and listening sections

The lengths of the reading and listening sections is variable because so is the number of questions in each one. Some versions of the test have more reading questions than listening ones and vice versa. You’ll notice this when solving TOEFL preparation books and mock exams.

There’s no way to find out which version you’ll get beforehand. You’ll need to prepare for both and feel comfortable with both sections if you want to do well.

The speaking and writing sections are constants. For the speaking section, you’ll talk into a microphone which will record your answers. You’ll have a certain amount of seconds to answer each question. The countdown timer will be on the screen so don’t worry about estimating the time yourself.

You’ll need to write two essays in the writing section and both are graded. To get a high score, your essay should be clear and the number of words in it should be within a certain range. Again, there’s a word counter on the test so you won’t have to count the words manually.

What is a Good TOEFL Test Score?

TOEFL IBT is scored out of 120. Each section has a total score of 30. A good TOEFL score is one that’s above 90. Here’s a breakdown of how scores are usually viewed by schools and universities:

  • 90 to 100: good
  • 100 to 110: very good
  • 110-120: excellent

Don’t stress too much about scoring over 110 though. Try to get above 90 first, and if that’s easily achievable then you can aim higher.

Your primary goal should be to ask the schools you’re interested in applying to about their minimum requirements. Some institutions will ask for particularly high scores on certain sections of the exam.

By knowing the requirements of each of the schools you want to apply to, your studying will be more goal-oriented.

Test results come out in 10 working days and are valid for 2 years.

How to Prepare for TOEFL

Studying for the TOEFL test can require a couple of weeks at least. If you’re trying to find out how to prepare for TOEFL in a week, you might be disappointed. The length of your study period will be determined by how well you speak, read, understand, and write English. The better you are, the less time you’ll need to prepare.

You can start by looking online for a TOEFL practice test pdf to help you determine where you stand. Lots of online sources provide free assessments. Based on your score and weaknesses, you can set a study plan.

TOEFL tests a variety of skills. Each section will need separate preparation. The following advice is for everyone and can even help those who speak English fluently.


  • Read English texts, books, and passages at least 30 minutes each day
  • Any new or unfamiliar words should be looked up and added to your vocabulary
  • Analyze the text you’re reading and understand the insinuations hidden in it

Listening and Speaking

  • Watch English speaking movies, shows, and videos
  • Talk to friends in English or try to find a study partner you can communicate with in English over video chat
  • Familiarize yourself with different American accents


  • Your writing should get better as you read more
  • Write passages and articles and get other’s opinions on them
  • Check your writings for grammar and spelling mistakes

Practice, practice, and practice

  • There are plenty of TOEFL study guides and books with hundreds of practice questions that represent the exam
  • Time yourself in each section and make sure you finish with time to spare

Popular TOEFL Sources


The important thing is to relax while taking the test. You’ve done your studying and you’re already familiar with the exam’s format. You know what to expect and how to deal with it.

Take care of time, but don’t stress about it. There will always be a counter on the screen letting you know how much time you have to complete a question or section. Keep an eye on it, but don’t answer questions in a rush to avoid making silly mistakes.

There are no model answers for the speaking and writing sections, but there will be certain items that you’ll need to fulfill to get a good score. Review these requirements in your study sources and read model answers carefully.

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SAT Math Topics: 5 Tips on What You Need to Know

Want to know what are the new SAT math topics? The math section of the SAT is designed to test your knowledge on problem solving, critical thinking, modeling, algebraic functions and using tools strategically. Seems like pretty broad concepts doesn’t it? Don’t worry, this is your definitive guide on the exact SAT math review topics that are currently being covered. By the end of this article you will know what math is on the new SAT, and how to review for it effectively!

SAT Math Review

The SAT math topics are about getting real. The good news is that the SAT doesn’t test you on every single math topic you have ever had studied. Feel free to breathe a sight of relief. Instead, it selects areas deemed the most relevant in college courses and careers.

The SAT Math test focuses on areas that play a large role in colleges and a variety of careers, therefore applying real world math. These focus areas are:

  • Heart of Algebra – create, manipulate and solve algebraic equations. These questions center around linear equations – equations that involve two variables that change as stated by a consistent pattern.
  • Problem Solving and Data Analysis – is all about being quantitatively literate. These questions require you to create and use a model, as well as understanding the difference between the model predictions and actual data collected.
  • Passport to Advance Math – includes questions that require the manipulation of complex equations and functions that are typically needed in STEM-based careers.

On top of these areas, the test also covers additional key concepts that don’t fall into any of the above categories. These include coordinate geometry, basic trigonometry, area and volume.

5 Ways to Review the SAT Math Topics

1. Know how to complete grid in questions

Students are often given advice to learn the style of questions and the format of the test. But what does this mean when it comes to the SAT? In the SAT math section there are multiple choice questions and grid-in questions. Answering multiple choice questions are fairly straightforward – simply select the answer you think is correct.

Grid-in questions are different. These are questions where you are going to have to come up with the correct answer on your own. Don’t ask me why “grid in” is the terms used, I don’t have that answer! 20% of the questions on the SAT math test are grid-in questions so it’s definitely worth your while to understand how they are answered. You are given the instructions for the grid-in answers, but reading them can waste a lot of time. Instead, familiarize yourself with the instructions on practice tests – the instructions are the same. This allows you to spend more time thinking about your answers on test day.

2. Become familiar with the provided formula sheet

Many students breathe a sigh of relief when they hear they don’t have to learn every single formula. But that doesn’t mean you can rest easy. You still need to know when to use each formula. Even knowing where the formulas are located on the sheet will save you valuable time. Have the sheet available during every single revision session and refer to it regularly. Pin it somewhere for you to study on a regular basis – a mirror, the refrigerator, or on the back of the bathroom door!

3. Work backwards

Sometimes it’s easier to start by looking at the multiple choice answers available. You may be lucky enough to rule out a couple of options straight away, but if not, try putting the various options into the equation. This tactic has potential to actually be more time consuming, so may not be ideal for every question, but it’s certainly a good one to have in your bag of tricks.

4. Use the daily practice app

The College Board not only provides official practice tests, but also an app to help track your progress. You will receive a question each day with hints and explanations. It’s a great way to maintain your math skills and to remind you to keep preparing for your math SAT!

5. Make the most of other subjects

It may come as no surprise that you use math skills in a variety of subjects. Because the SAT math section has such a focus on real world math, subjects such as science and social science are incredibly relevant. Apply your math knowledge in these subjects and you are unknowingly preparing yourself for the SAT math test. Any questions that involve data analysis, graphs, percentages, ratios and tables are useful in preparation for the SAT.

Topics Covered in the New Math SAT

As you have already learned, the math SAT covers three main topics, with anything leftover categorized under additional math. This section will give you a SAT math topics breakdown, providing you with a thorough understanding of exactly what math is on the SAT.

The Heart of Algebra

In this section, questions are focused around equations based on real-world topics such as distance, speed, mass, volume or everyday financial topics.
Questions may ask you to;

  • Solve linear equations and linear inequalities
  • Interpret linear functions
  • Answer equation word problems
  • Graph linear equations
  • Solve linear function word problems
  • Solve systems of linear equations
  • Answering these questions may require you to;
    • Use multiple steps to simplify an expression or equation
    • Select a graph that shows an algebraic equation that you saw in Algebra 1 course or Algebra 2. or choose the equation that describes a graph
    • Indicate how a graph would be affected by a change in its equation

You Might Also Be Interested in: How to Study Math: 35 Math Tips You Should Know

Problem Solving and Data Analysis

In this section, questions revolve around the application of ratios, percentages, and proportional reasoning. We’ve come up with a collection of more topics and what might be asked of you below:

  • Ratios, rates, percentages, units, and proportions – solve multi-step problems with a given ratio, rate, percentage or unit. You will also need to know how to calculate ratios, rates, percentages and units using the information provided.
  • Table data and data inferences– analyze the data presented on a table and use it to answer questions
  • Scatterplots – select the best equation to fit various scatterplots.
  • Graphs and tables – understand and identify key features, as well as summarizing and evaluating the data presented in them
  • Data collection and conclusions – determine whether data collection methods are accurate and reliable
  • Statistics – determine mean, median, mode, range, and/or standard deviation

Passport to Advanced Math

Students who are interested in STEM-based careers will need to pay particular attention to these type of questions. They involve complex equations and functions, and focus on the following areas;

  • Solving quadratic equations
  • Interpreting nonlinear expressions
  • Quadratic and exponential word problems
  • Radicals and rational exponents
  • Operations with rational expressions and polynomials
  • Polynomial factors and graphs
  • Nonlinear equation graphs
  • Linear and quadratic systems
  • Structure in expressions
  • Isolating quantities
  • Functions

Now that you are familiar with the new SAT math topics you can go ahead and prepare easily and aim to get the results that you need for schools! Always remember that the SAT math exam is only covering information that you’ve already learned. So prepping and taking some time to review the material will help to refresh your memory and remember how to quickly and accurately complete problems in these areas. Remember to work hard and apply yourself, the rest is easy!

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